Check out this recent publication using the OASIS Implant! The paper outlines research by Huanhuan Li and colleagues from Geoff Lau’s lab at the City University of Hong Kong.

The limbic system, including the lateral septum (LS), plays a crucial role in mood disorders, such as depression. However, the role of the LS in depression remains unclear. A potential important role is ascribed to neurons expressing somatostatin (SST) in particular. Li and colleagues hypothesized that LS SST neuronal activity is linked to stress and depression.

In order to examine the contributions of SST-expressing neurons of the LS in depression-like behaviors in mice, Li and colleagues leveraged calcium imaging using the Mightex OASIS Implant and GCaMP6s sensor in SST-cre mice. Their findings show that LS SST neuronal activity was significantly reduced in two mouse models of depression (Chronic Restraint Stress [CRS] and repeated lipopolysaccharide [LPS] injections).

In order to determine whether artificial manipulation of LS SST neuronal activity could attenuate the depression-like behavioural observations, Li and colleagues combined their calcium imaging with optogenetics to excite LS SST neurons during depression model experiments. The authors found that optogenetic excitation of LS SST neurons produced antidepressant-like effects in the LPS depression model. Taken together these findings elucidate the LS SST neurons as a potential therapeutic target for  the treatment of depression.



Figure 1.

Adapted from Source

Panel A. The surgical and experimental preparation stages.

Panel B. GRIN lens location within LS.

Panel C.  Calcium imaging results. Change in fluorescence depicted for 4 mice; changing in fluorescence (bottom) and corresponding behavioural changes (top) seen as gradient overtime for Open Field Test (OFT; left) and Tail Suspension Test (TST; Right)

Panels D & F. Behavioural quantification for OFT and TST; dotted line represents initiation of mobile phase.

Panels E & G. Calcium imaging quantification for LS SST neurons during OFT and TST; dotted line represents initiation of mobile phase.

The above described experiments demonstrate the capabilities of the Mightex OASIS Implant for calcium imaging in freely moving mice. To learn more about using the system for your research, get in touch today!

Huanhuan Li, PhD

Hong Kong City University, Hong Kong

Huanhuan is a recently graduated doctoral student of Dr. Geoffrey Lau from the Department of Neuroscience at the City University of Hong Kong. We look forward to seeing the next exciting chapter for Huanhuan and the Lau Lab!